Hardness: 7.5-8 Mohs
Enhancement Code: Oiling/Resin Infusion
A: Medium colour; slightly included; good cut; good polish
AA: Medium dark to dark colour; slightly included; high brilliance; good cut; good polish
Care: Rated “fair to good” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.
Major Sources: Afghanistan, Brazil, Columbia, India, Pakistan, Russia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
The source of many legends and mysteries, the emerald was gathered in Cleopatra’s Mines near the Red Sea, worshipped by the Incas and Aztecs, and treasured by the Maharajas of India. Its rich green colour makes it a fitting birthstone for the month of May. Emerald also celebrates the 20th, 35th and 55th wedding anniversaries.
The state gemstone of North Carolina is found in many locations around the world. The conquistadors brought emeralds of astonishing size to Europe from their explorations of South America. The Bank of Bogotá in Colombia still houses impressive specimens of up to 1,796 carats. Perhaps the most astonishing emerald artwork is found in Vienna: a vase carved from a single gemstone of over 2,200 carats.